Montessori Principles and Philosophies 5
Dr. Maria Montessori arrived at one of the most unique and sought after pedagogy after careful observations of children. She came to the conclusion that each child has her own pace of development and can unfold her potentials in a prepared environment given the freedom within limits.
Exercises of Practical Life 5
Exercises of Practical Life includes life skills to help develop independence, coordination,concentration, self-control, self-awareness, confidence and includes: Control of Elementary Movement, Care of Self, Care of Environment, Social Grace and Courtesy.
Sensorial activities allows the child to refine each of their senses: Sight, Touch, Smell, Taste and Sound. Includes the manipulation of specifically designed materials that isolate qualities. Refines fine motor skills, visual and auditory senses and develops coordination and the ability to order and classify. The information gathered by the senses, are assimilated and classified to further develop their intellect. The sensorial activities are like windows of opportunities.
Language is based on phonetic awareness. Children work through specific hands-on and tactile language materials such as the Sand Paper Letters to the Moveable Alphabet. Language is not an isolated topic but runs through the curriculum. The spoken language is the foundation for writing and then reading. Dr. Montessori recognized that writing as a coding skill comes before reading, a decoding skill. Basic skills in writing are developed through the use of the sandpaper letters, chalk boards, sand trays and metal insets.
Mathematics is developed with the use of concrete learning materials. Each exercise builds upon another and the child gradually moves from concrete to abstract areas such as place value, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and fractions.
Cultural Activities 5
Cultural Studies allows the child to explore the natural world around them through the introduction of Geography, Zoology, Botany, History and Science. Art and music is part of cultural activities, however, creativity is encouraged across all curriculum areas. It makes them aware that they are part of the larger community and they are responsible to respect and care for other species as well.